Jamaica: Ley del acceso a la información
Rights to Access
Subject to the provisions of this Act, every person shall have a right to obtain access to an official document, other than an exempt document.
(2) Where an official document is-
(a) open to access by the public pursuant to any other
enactment, as part of a public register or otherwise;
(b) available for purchase by the public in accordance
with administrative procedures established for that
purpose,access to that document shall be obtained in
accordance with the provisions of that enactment or
those procedures, as the case may be.
7. (1)A person who wishes to obtain access to an official for access. document shall make an application in the prescribed form and manner to the public authority which holds that document.
(2) An application under subsection (1) shall-
(a) provide such information concerning the document
as is reasonably necessary to enable the public
authority to identify it;
(b) be accompanied by the prescribed fee;
(c) not be invalidated by reason only that it is made
otherwise than in the prescribed form and manner if
the application is made in writing.
(3) A public authority to which an application is made shall-
(a) upon request assist the applicant in identifying the
documents to which the application relates and in
completing the application form;
(b) acknowledge receipt of every application as soon
as practicable, but not later than fourteen days after
the date of receipt.
(c) grant to the applicant, access to the document
specified in the application if it is not an exempt
(4) A public authority shall respond to an application as
soon as practicable but not later than-
(a) thirty days after the date of receipt of the
(b) in the case of an application transferred to another
authority pursuant to section 10 thirty days after the
date of the receipt by that authority, so, however,
that an authority may extend the period of thirty
days for a further period not exceeding thirty days,
in any case where there is reasonable cause for
(5) The response of the public authority shall state its decision on the application, and where the authority decides to refuse or defer access shall state the reasons therefor, and the options available to an aggrieved applicant.
8. (1) Where an application is made to a public authority for an official document.-
(a) which is held by another public authority; or
(B) the subject matter of which is more closely
connected will the functions of another public
(1) the first mentioned public authority shall transfer the application or such part of it as may be appropriate, to that other public authority and shall inform the applicant of the transfer.
(2) A transfer of an application pursuant to subsection (1) shall be made as soon as practicable but not later than fourteen days after the date of receipt of the application.
9 (4) Access to an official document may be granted to an applicant in one or more of the following forms.-
(a) the applicant may be afforded a reasonable
opportunity to inspect the document;
(b) the authority concerned may furnish the applicant
with a copy of the document;
(c) in the case of a document from which sounds or
visual images are capable of being reproduced,
arrangements may be made for the applicant to
hear the sounds or view the visual images;
(d) in the case of a document by which or in which
(i) recorded in a manner in which they are capable of
being reproduced in the form of sound and
(ii) contained in the form of shorthand writing or in
codified form, the applicant may be furnished
with a transcript of the date or the words, sounds
and images recorded or contained in that
(2) Subject to subsection (3), where an applicant requests that access be given in a particular form, access shall be given in that form.
(3) A public authority may grant access in a form other than that requested by an applicant where the grant of access in the form requested would-
(a) substantially and unreasonable interfere with the
(b) be impracticable having regard to the technical
capacity of the authority;
(c) be detrimental to the preservation of the
document, or be inappropriate, having regard to
its physical state;
(d) constitute an infringement of copyright
subsisting in any matter contained in the
10 (1) Subject to subsection (2), a public authority may refuse to grant access to an official document if-
(a) the information provided by the applicant in
relation to the document is not such as is
reasonably necessary to enable the authority to
(b) the application for access is expressed to
relate to all documents or, as the case may be,
to all documents of a particular class, that-
(i) contain information of a particular kind; or
(ii) relate to a particular topic, and compliance with the
request would substantially and unreasonably
interfere with the authority's operations, having
regard to any significant diversion of resources of
the authority which may be required on account of
the number and volume of documents requested or
difficulties in identifying, locating or collating the
(2) Before refusing to grant access under subsection (1), a public authority shall afford the applicant a reasonable opportunity to consult with the authority with a view to reformulating the application so that the ground for refusal would no longer apply.
(3) A public authority may defer the grant of access to an official document-
(a) if publication of the document within a particular
period is required under the provisions of any
enactment, until the expiration of that period;
(b) if the document was prepared for presentation to
Parliament or for the purpose of being made
available to a particular person or body, until
after its presentation to Parliament or until it has
been made available to the person or body;
(c) if the premature release of the document would
be contrary to the public interest, until the
occurrence of any event after which or the
expiration of any period beyond which, the
release of the document would not be contrary
to the public interest;
(d) if the authority considers that the document is of
such general public interest that Parliament
should be informed of its contents before it is
otherwise made public, until Parliament has
been so informed.
(4) Where a public authority decides to defer access in accordance with subsection (3), it shall, within fourteen days of its decision, inform the applicant of that decision and shall, where possible, indicate to him the period during which the deferment will operate.
11 (1) Where an application is made to a public authority for access to an official document which contains-
(a) exempt matter;
(b) information that could reasonably be regarded
as irrelevant to that application, the authority
shall grant access to a copy of the document
with the exempt or irrelevant matter deleted
(2) A public authority which grants access to a copy of an official document in accordance with this section shall inform the applicant-
(a) that it is such a copy; and
(b) if any exempt matter is deleted, the statutory
provision by virtue of which such matter is
12 (I) There shall be paid in respect of each application for access to an official document, such fee as may be prescribed.
(2) The cost of reproducing any documents containing information in relation to which an application is made under this Act shall be borne by the applicant.
(3) The responsible Minister may waive, reduce or remit, the prescribed fee paid or payable in respect of an application for access to an official document where he is satisfied that such waiver, reduction or remission is justifiable.
13 (I) Subject to this Act, where-
(a) a request is made in accordance with section
7 for access to an official document; and
(b) the prescribed fee has been paid, access to
the document shall be granted in accordance
with this Act.
(2) A public authority is not required by this Act to give access to an exempt document.
Theme: Acceso, Derechos de comunicación